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Soviet-era anti-aircraft system that misfired on Poland – DW – 11/17/2022

The S-300 anti-aircraft system, developed within the Soviet Union, was first put into service by Moscow within the late Nineteen Seventies. It was used nearly in every single place in Japanese Europe till the autumn of the Iron Curtain and the top of the Chilly Warfare in 1991. In line with calculations by the Worldwide Institute for Strategic Research (IISS), Ukraine alone is claimed to have had over 250 S- 300 methods shortly earlier than Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24.

Nonetheless, the calculation would not but embody the S-300 from NATO shares that have been delivered as a part of the navy help to Ukraine. In spring this 12 months, the US had requested allies of Ukraine which are a part of the so-called Ukraine contact group handy over extra S-300s from Japanese European NATO holdings to Kyiv. In April, Slovakia — a NATO member since 2004 — delivered a system of 4 cell missile launchers and the corresponding radar. In return, Germany transferred Patriot anti-aircraft methods to Slovakia. This was one of many first so-called “ring exchanges” by way of which western companions made outdated Soviet tools accessible to Ukraine.

“The S-300 is a straightforward system for Ukrainians to combine,” US assume tank, Heart for Strategic and Worldwide Research (CSIS) mentioned in October. The anti-aircraft system has been utilized by the Ukrainian armed forces for years. Nonetheless, will probably be “tough to search out further methods” to proceed supporting Ukraine with additional anti-aircraft protection methods, the CSIS mentioned in an evaluation of Western choices. The German-produced IRIS-T system, which might be probably the most trendy land-based cell air protection system in opposition to rocket fireplace, has lengthy been utilized in Ukraine. And extra are to observe. However anti-aircraft protection in lots of areas of Ukraine nonetheless depends on the outdated S-300. It is unclear, nonetheless, how most of the authentic Soviet methods have been destroyed by Russian missile assaults since February, 2022. Kyiv is holding quiet about technical losses.

In March, the US started deploying Patriot methods to strengthen NATO’s japanese flank in Rzeszow, in south-eastern Poland on the border with UkrainePicture: Agnieszka Majchrowicz/AA/image alliance

Prior to now, Russia’s protection business has been in competitors on the world market with the Western Patriot anti-aircraft protection methods. The S-400 system – the latest mannequin of the S-300, which has been repeatedly modernized because the Nineteen Seventies –– has been in-built Russia since 2004.

Missile fired into Poland from Ukraine

In line with the Polish authorities, the missile that killed two individuals on a farm in Przewodow, Poland, on Tuesday was a “very outdated Russian-made missile.” The missile was “almost certainly” fired by Ukraine, mentioned Polish President Andrzej Duda. The ranges of the varied land-based S-300 methods vary from 75 to 195 kilometers (47 to 121 miles).

Site of where the missle struck in Przewodow, Poland, near the Ukrainian border on Tuesday
Web site of the place the missle struck in Przewodow, Poland, close to the Ukrainian border on TuesdayPicture: UGC by way of REUTERS

Previous to intense shelling on Tuesday, western Ukraine had repeatedly been attacked by Russia. The Ukrainian Yavoriv navy base, in addition to vitality infrastructure had been focused. Situated round 90 kilometers south of the rocket’s influence website in Przewodow, Yavoriv was the westernmost navy base within the Soviet Union till the top of the Chilly Warfare. It is unclear whether or not the rocket was launched from there or from one other location in western Ukraine, presumably to chase away a Russian assault—after which misfired.

In a press convention on Wednesday, NATO Secretary Common Jens Stoltenberg mentioned he “didn’t need to go into element as a result of the investigation is ongoing.” Questions on whether or not shrapnel from a Russian assault missile had additionally been discovered along with the missile thought to have been fired by Ukraine, or whether or not the apparently misfired missile from Ukraine was intercepted by the NATO protecting protect in south-eastern Poland stay unanswered.

This text was translated from German.

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