This story is a part of The Salt Lake Tribune’s ongoing dedication to establish options to Utah’s greatest challenges by means of the work of the Innovation Lab.
Kevin Fagundo Ojeda and Cole Knuckles had only one evening to give you an answer to one in every of Utah’s most intractable issues: the reasonably priced housing disaster.
They had been tackling the problem as a part of Hack-A-Home, a 24-hour on-line hackathon that happened in late September. For the uninitiated, a hackathon is usually a contest related to engineering laptop software program, cellular apps, working methods and different improvement initiatives. On this case, Ivory Improvements, a nonprofit housed on the College of Utah’s David Eccles College of Enterprise, invited college students from throughout the nation to brainstorm methods to deal with one in every of three subjects: homelessness, environmental challenges and building expertise or sustainable renting and reasonably priced homeownership. .
Different universities joined as co-sponsors, together with the College of California at Berkeley, the College of Arizona, Harvard College, College of Denver and Howard College.
Fagundo Ojeda and Knuckles are College of Utah college students. Fagundo-Ojeda, 30, is a graduate scholar in metropolis planning and structure and Knuckles, 21, is finishing his undergraduate diploma in finance.
The Salt Lake Tribune interviewed the pair and different Utah college students about their initiatives, experiences with housing challenges and what they’d wish to see leaders doing otherwise.
Reducing utility prices
Fagundo Ojeda and Knuckles’ undertaking centered on lowering utility prices for low-income Utahns.
They famous utility burdens, that’s, the amount of cash renters spend on utilities as a proportion of their hire, play an enormous function in housing affordability. Their intention was to “assist individuals not fall by means of the cracks,” Fagundo Ojeda mentioned.
In order that they created a “wet day fund” for these struggling to pay utility payments — together with water, web, trash assortment, electrical energy and warmth.
The fund can be supported by means of a progressive public utility tax. They estimated that tax alone might pay for the majority of their wet day fund, but additionally famous extra funds might come from elevated taxes on extreme water consumption.
Housing affordability isn’t just an summary challenge for Fagundo Ojeda and Knuckles.
Fagundo Ojeda wished to stay off campus, however discovered that with utilities, a downtown Salt Lake Metropolis residence would value near $2,000 a month. Even dwelling in one of many U.’s reasonably priced items, he mentioned, about 60% of his earnings goes towards hire.
Knuckles lives together with his mother and father. “If I am working full time and going to highschool,” he mentioned, “I simply do not see it as a viable possibility for me to maneuver out proper now with hire as it’s.”
“I’m hopeful about some issues,” Knuckles mentioned, “however I believe there’s an enormous inhabitants of individuals, that I was part of, that simply do not actually see these points.”
Enhancing consciousness and empathy for affordability, Knuckles mentioned, “can be the largest approach that we might make these plans politically possible.”
“I do not assume these concepts are translating into electoral politics,” Fagundo Ojeda mentioned. “I’ve numerous optimism about Gen Z and the issues that Gen Z can do.”
Nonetheless, he continued, “there’s nonetheless lots of people which can be against new concepts.”
Down cost financing
Ian Cahoon, 23, Sydney Donovan, 20, and Mario Ayala, 33, tackled homeownership affordability.
They wished to assist consumers buy “a house in an space the place the colleges are higher, or the neighborhood’s higher or the precise constructing itself is best,” Ayala mentioned.
Saving sufficient for a down cost is each tough to perform and essential to figuring out affordability of month-to-month mortgage funds.
In Cahoon, Donovan and Ayala’s plan, a home-owner would put simply 5% down and an outdoor investor would contribute 15%. The proprietor would then stay in the home for 5 years, and at that time period the investor would obtain a 7% return on funding whereas the proprietor would obtain the remaining earnings.
“The most important danger in my thoughts,” Cahoon mentioned, “is that the particular person cannot make the funds or the house is foreclosed on.” Or some pure catastrophe strikes, “the place the home-owner loses their worth in the home. However in consequence, it additionally makes funding riskier for this investor.”
Reining within the trip rental market
Emanuel Garcia Flores, 21, Nolan Martin, 20, Jeremiah Munn, 25, realized trip leases pose an enormous risk to housing affordability.
Munn famous that different cities have tried to curb trip leases by setting limits, however that resolution simply resulted in “unlawful short-term leases.”
“What we ended up with was a fund the place Utah might tax trip leases and curb the demand for trip leases within the state,” Munn mentioned. “And create a fund for reasonably priced housing, particularly for individuals with 60% space median earnings and beneath.”
Beneath their proposal, they’d tax short-term rental earnings at 20%. These taxes would then be used to fund new reasonably priced housing initiatives in vacationer cities like Park Metropolis.
“I believe we’re going to have to see some modifications,” Martin mentioned. “Particularly in a spot like Park Metropolis, that is excessive demand with low provide.”
The three college students famous a generational divide as effectively, and felt attorneys could be cautious of taking a “too-big step.”
Finally, they had been optimistic concerning the concepts generated in the course of the Hack-A-Home, and about their very own housing futures.
“Do I see myself as a home-owner? I wish to say completely,” Garcia Flores mentioned. “I imply, who would not wish to be a home-owner?”
It is simply that attaining that, he mentioned, is more likely to be loads tougher than it was for previous generations.
Editor’s observe • The Clark and Christine Ivory Basis is a donor to The Salt Lake Tribune’s Innovation Lab.